Work Plan for the Iowa Nutrient Research Center IIHR-Hydroscience & Engineering

Date: 
Aug 2019

Issue

New scientific tools, techniques and an improved understanding of the coupled physical, chemical and biological processes are needed to predict nutrient mobilization, fate and transport in Iowa. Researchers and practitioners also need to continue to improve scientific understanding of conservation best management practice impacts at various scales to gain knowledge of their effectiveness under different hydrologic drivers and land management scenarios and use the information to refine practice implementation. Combining an understanding of nutrient management with key scientific processes are necessary to achieve the objectives in the Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy.

Objective

The main research objectives are to:

  • Continue development and aggregation of the Iowa nutrient database to be used by the Iowa Nutrient Research Center and others to support scientific understanding for nutrient management. The consolidation and compilation of available data from several existing sources  is needed to improve research communication and collaboration. The collection of this data is a continuing effort to characterize Iowa water quality at the watershed scale. 
  • Characterize water quality at smaller scales to inform practice effectiveness. Small spatial scale sites continue to generate data with sensors funded through INRC and others, including at a saturated buffer in Adair County, CREP wetland in Mitchell County, Clear Creek in Johnson County, Willow Creek and Walnut Creek in Jasper County, several sites downstream of Water Quality Initiative (WQI) projects and an urban site deployed on a City of Coralville storm sewer.
  • Deploy one or more water quality sensors located at a strategic site chosen by ISU staff/faculty.

Approach

Work to achieve these objectives will primarily include:

  • interpreting communications of weather, water quality and hydrologic data necessary to track improvements driven by INRS implementation and other factors in Iowa water quality;
  • verifying and documenting the nutrient mitigation effectiveness of best management practices for both point and nonpoint sources;
  • collecting and aggregating land use, weather, hydrological and water quality data to support the INRS, and creating and managing tools that can be used to organize the data; and
  • deploying one new sensor site to be included in the Iowa Water Quality Information System, which will be selected to support research by faculty at Iowa State University.
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